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Test Bank (Downloadable files) For Close Encounters Communication in Relationships 5th Edition By K. Guerrero v

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Test Bank (Downloadable files) For Close Encounters Communication in Relationships 5th Edition By Laura K. Guerrero, Peter A. Andersen, Walid A. Afifi, ISBN: 9781506376721

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Test Bank (Downloadable files)For Close Encounters Communication in Relationships 5th Edition By K. Guerrero

Table Of Content

Conceptualizing Relational Communication: Definitions and Principles
The Field of Personal Relationships: A Brief History

The Field of Personal Relationships: A Brief History

Contributions of Social Psychology

Roots in Other Disciplines

Relationships

General Types of Relationships

Need Fulfillment in Close Relationships

Relationship Categories

Characteristics Distinguishing Different Relationship Types

Principles of Interpersonal Communication

Verbal and Nonverbal Messages

Communication as Inevitable

Interpersonal Communication Goals

Effectiveness and Shared Meaning

Content versus Relational Information

Symmetry in Communication

Principles of Relational Communication

Relationships Emerge Across Ongoing Interactions

Relationships Contextualize Messages

Communication Sends a Variety of Relational Messages

Relational Communication is Dynamic

Relational Communication Follows both Linear and Nonlinear Patterns

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Communicating Identity: The Social Self
The Development of Personal Identity

Defining Identity

Human Nature and Identity

Communication and Identity

Culture and Ethnic Identity

The Image: Creating an Identity

“Talkin’ ‘Bout Your Generation”: Millennials and Generation Zers’ Identity

Social Networking and Identity

Identity, Perception, and Self-Esteem

Expanding Identity

The Principles of Identity Management

Identity and Hierarchical Structure

Identity and the Looking-Glass Self

Identity and the Interpretation of Feedback

Identity, Expectations, and Behavior

Identity and Self-Evaluation

Identity and Goal Achievement

Identity and Relationships

Communicating Identity to Others

General Issues in Self-Presentation

“Life Is a Stage”: The Dramaturgical Perspective

Politeness Theory

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Drawing People Together: Forces of Social Attraction
Attraction

Types of Attraction

Fatal Attraction

A Framework for Understanding Attraction
Personal Qualities

Perceptions of Reward Value

Expectations

Biological Aspects of Attraction

Demographic Characteristics

Personality

Other People’s Qualities

Physical Attractiveness

Interpersonal Communication Skills

The “Hard-to-Get” Phenomenon

Qualities of the Pair

Similarity: “Birds of a Feather Flock Together”

Complementarity: Sometimes Opposites Attract

Similarity and Complementarity in Initial versus Committed Relationships

Qualities of the Physical or Social Environment

Physical Environment

Proximity

Social Environment

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Making Sense of Our World: Managing Uncertainty and Expectancy Violations
Uncertainty

Uncertainty Reduction Theory: Issues and Challenges

The Motivation to Reduce Uncertainty

The Relationship Between Communication and Uncertainty

General Strategies for Reducing Uncertainty

Secret Tests

Predicted Outcome Value Theory

The Theory of Motivated Information Management

The Model of Relational Turbulence

Expectancy Violations

Expectancy Violations Theory

Types of Expectancy Violations in Close Relationships

Expectancy Violations and Uncertainty in Specific Contexts

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Changing Relationships: Stages, Turning Points, and Dialectics
Communication Skills
Relationship Stages

The “Coming Together” Stages

The “Coming-Apart” Stages

The Ordering and Timing of Stages

Turning Points

Communication-Based Turning Points

Activities and Special Occasions

Events Related to Passion and Romance

Events Related to Commitment and Exclusivity

Changes in Families and Social Networks

Proximity and Distance

Crisis and Conflict

Perceptual Changes

The Dialectical Perspective

Relational Dialectics Theory

Dialectical Tensions in Friendships

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Revealing and Hiding Ourselves: Self-Disclosure and Privacy
Self-Disclosure

Dimensions of Self-Disclosure

Self-Disclosure and Liking

Risks Associated With Self-Disclosure

Privacy

Privacy Ownership

Privacy Control

Boundary Turbulence

Influences on Rules for Boundary Management

Negotiating Privacy Boundaries in Relationships: Challenges and Violations

Topic Avoidance and Secret Keeping

Topics Commonly Avoided or Kept Secret

Reasons for Topic Avoidance and Secret Keeping

How People Engage in Topic Avoidance

Topic Avoidance During Relationship Transitions

Consequences of Topic Avoidance

Consequences of Secret Keeping

Consequences of Revealing Secrets

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Communicating Closeness: Affection, Immediacy, and Social Support
Closeness in Relationships

Physical Closeness

Emotional Closeness

Relational Closeness

Communicating Closeness

Affectionate Communication

Affection Exchange Theory

Communicating Affection

Immediacy Behavior

Verbal Immediacy

Nonverbal Immediacy

Cognitive Valence Theory

Behavior

Perception

Arousal

Cognition

Relational Outcomes

Supportive Communication

The Dual Process Model of Supportive Communication

Invisible Support

Person-Centered Messages

Nonverbal Immediacy

Sex Differences in the Experience and Expression of Closeness

Perceptions of Closeness

Communication of Closeness

Preferences for Same-Sex Versus Cross-Sex Friendships

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Making a Love Connection: Styles of Love and Attachment
What is Love?

Love Versus Liking

Love as a Triangle

Finding Love and Falling in Love

Love Styles

Lee’s Love Styles

Ways to Communicate Love

Attachment Theory

The Propensity for Forming Attachments

Internal Working Models and Attachment Styles

Attachment Styles in Childhood

Attachment Styles in Adulthood

Attachment and Relational Satisfaction

Stability and Change in Attachment Styles across the Life Span

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Communicating Sexually: The Closest Physical Encounter
Sex in Relationships

Sex in Short-Term and Early Dating Relationships

Sex in Long-Term Relationships

Sex Differences

Sex in Same-Sex Relationships

Sexual Attitudes

Developing Sexual Attitudes and Beliefs

Communication About Sex

Courtship and Flirtation

Communication, Sexual Satisfaction, and Relational Satisfaction

Sexual Scripts

Pillow Talk

Sexual Coercion and Harassment

Sexual Coercion

Sexual Harassment

Communication and Safe Sex
Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Staying Close: Maintaining Relationships
Defining Relational Maintenance
Behaviors Used to Maintain Relationships

Prosocial Maintenance Behaviors

Antisocial Maintenance Behavior

Modality of Maintenance Behavior

Strategic and Routine Maintenance Behaviors

Maintenance Behavior in Romantic Relationships

Changes in Maintenance over the Course of Romantic Relationships

Maintenance in Gay and Lesbian Relationships

Maintenance Behavior in Same-Sex Friendships

Talking Versus Doing

Men and Women are from the Same Planet

Maintenance Behavior in Cross-Sex Friendships

Challenges in Cross-Sex Friendships

Coping with Romantic Intent

Keeping Friendships Platonic

Maintenance Challenges in Other Relationships

Friends with Benefits Relationships

Long-Distance Relationships

Co-habiting Relationships

Equity Theory

Principles of Equity Theory

Reducing Distress in Inequitable Relationships

Combined Influence of Benefit-Cost Rations and Equity

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Coping with Conflict: When Relational Partners Disagree
Conflict in Relationships

Defining Conflict

Frequency of Conflict in Various Relationships

Effects of Conflict on Relationships

Conflict Styles

Competitive Fighting

Compromising

Collaborating

Indirect Fighting

Avoiding

Yielding

Patterns of Conflict Interaction

Negative Reciprocity

Demand-Withdraw

The Four Horseman of the Apocalypse

Accommodation

Explanations for Conflict Patterns

Emotional Flooding

Attributions

Communication Skill Deficits

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Influencing Each Other: Dominance and Power Plays in Relationships
Defining Power and Related Terms
The Power Principles

Power as a Perception

Power as a Relational Concept

Power as Resource Based

Power as Having Less to Lose

Power as Enabling or Disabling

Power as a Prerogative

Interpersonal Influence Goals

Making Lifestyle Changes

Gaining Assistance

Sharing Activities

Initiating Sexual Activity

Changing Political Attitudes

Giving Health Advice

Changing Relationships

Verbal Power Ploys

Verbal Influence Strategies

Relational Control Moves: One-Ups and One-Downs

Powerful and Powerless Speech

Nonverbal Positions of Power

Physical Appearance

Spatial Behavior

Eye Behavior

Body Movements

Touch

The Voice

Times

Artifacts

The Power and Influence in Families

Parent and Child Relationships

Traditional Versus Egalitarian Marriages

Summary and Application

Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Hurting the Ones We Love: Relational Transgressions
Hurt Feelings in Relationships

Relational Transgressions

Hurtful Messages

Types of Hurtful Messages

Responses to Hurtful Messages

Deception

Types of Deception

Motives for Deception

Deception Detection

Effects of Deception on Relationships

Infidelity

Types of Infidelity

Behavioral Cues to Infidelity

Sex Differences in Reactions to Infidelity

Jealousy

Characteristics of Jealousy

Experiencing Romantic Jealousy

Communicative Responses to Jealousy

Jealousy and Relational Satisfaction

Sex Differences in Jealous Emotions and Communication

Unrequited Love
Obsessive Relational Intrusion

Reasons People Use Obsessive Relational Intrusion Behavior

Consequences of Obsessive Relational Intrusion Behavior

Relational Violence

Common Couple Violence

Intimate Terrorism

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Healing the Hurt: Relationship Repair and Reconciliation
Investment Model of Relationship-Maintaining Behavior

Commitment

Pro-Relationship Behaviors

The Model of Accommodation

Destructive Behaviors

Constructive Behaviors

Remedial Strategies

Apologies and Concessions

Appeasement

Explanations

Denials

Avoidance and Evasion

Relationship Talk

Forgiveness

Forgiving Communication

Conditions That Promote or Impede Forgiveness and Forgiving Communication

Relational Reconciliation

Reconciliation Strategies

Reintegration in the Social Network

On-Again Off-Again Relationships
Relational Redefinition
Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site
Ending Relationships: Disengagement and Termination
Why Relationships End

Infidelity and Interest in a Third Party

Incompatibility

Alcohol and Drugs

Growing Apart

Loss of Love

Equity Issues Related to Family Obligations

Communication as a Cause of Relational Breakup

Withdrawal

Negative Communication

Lack of Openness and Intimacy

Abusive Communication

The Disengagement Process

A Process Model of Relational Dissolution

Catastrophe Theory

Fifteen Ways to Leave Your Partner

Unilateral and Indirect Strategy

Unilateral and Indirect Strategies

Bilateral and Indirect Strategy

Bilateral and Direct Strategies

Outcomes: The Results of Relationships Endings

Negative Outcomes of Relational Breakups

Healing After a Separation

Positive Outcomes of Relational Breakups

Summary and Application
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Student Study Site