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Test Bank (Downloadable files) For Introduction to Criminal Justice A Balanced Approach 2nd Edition By Payne ISBN: 9781506389707, ISBN: 9781506389721, ISBN: 9781544337319, ISBN: 9781544326122

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Test Bank (Downloadable files) For Introduction to Criminal Justice A Balanced Approach 2nd Edition By Brian K. Payne, Willard M. Oliver, Nancy E. Marion, ISBN: 9781506389707, ISBN: 9781506389721, ISBN: 9781544337319, ISBN: 9781544326122

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Test Bank (Downloadable files)For Introduction to Criminal Justice A Balanced Approach 2nd Editio n By Payne

Table Of Content

Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
PART I: FOUNDATIONS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Chapter 1: Introduction to Criminal Justice

The Criminal Justice System

The Justice Process

The Roles of Criminal Justice

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 2: Perspectives on Crime and Criminal Justice Research

Legal Perspectives of Crime

Social Perspectives of Crime

Behavioral Perspectives of Crime

Research in Criminal Justice

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 3: An Introduction to Measuring Crime and Crime Patterns

Measuring the Extent of Crime

Strategies Used to Measure the Amount of Crime

Crime Patterns

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 4: An Introduction to Crime Typologies

Why Study Criminal Justice and Crime Typologies?

Violent Crime

Property Crime

Public Order Crime

Crime Within Complex Organizations

Juvenile Offending

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 5: An Introduction to Criminological Theory

Why Study the Causes of Crime?

Crime as a Product of Choice

Crime as a Product of Biological Factors

Crime as a Product of Social Factors

Crime as a Product of Social Psychological Factors

Crime as a Product of Cognitive Processes

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

PART II: POLICING
Chapter 6: An Introduction to Policing: History and Structure

Types of Societies and Policing

The English System of Policing

The American System of Policing

Policing in America Today

The Structure of Modern Police Departments

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 7: Police Strategies

Police Strategy Studies

Police Patrol Deployment

Broken Windows Theory and Policing

Community Policing

Problem-Oriented Policing

Targeted Policing

Four Related Strategies

CompStat

Homeland Security and Policing

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 8: Issues in Policing

External Issues

Internal Issues

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

PART III: THE COURTS
Chapter 9: An Introduction to the Courts: History, Structure, and Actors

History of the Courts

Types of Courts

Federal Courts

State Courts

Actors: Courtroom Workgroup

Technology

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 10: The Judicial Process

Arrest/Booking

The Charging Decision

Pretrial

Trial

Sentencing

Appeals

Defendants’ Rights

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 11: Issues in the Courts

Issues Stemming From Overcrowding

Issues Related to Court Processes

Legal Issues Related to the Courts

Issues Related to Innovations in the Courts

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

PART IV: CORRECTIONS
Chapter 12: An Introduction to Corrections: History, Structure, and Actors

Goals of Punishment

History of Punishment

Structure of Corrections

Actors Working in Corrections

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 13: Punishing Offenders in Prisons, Jails, and the Community

The Incarceration Experience

Releasing Inmates Back Into the Community

The Structure of Probation and Parole

Types of Alternative Sanctions

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 14: Issues in Corrections

General Issues for Prisoners

General Issues for Corrections Employees

Issues Related to Working With Different Types of Offenders

Issues Related to Punishment Strategies

Learning About Corrections

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

PART V: CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES
Chapter 15: Current and Future Criminal Justice Issues

International Issues

Terrorism

Cybercrime

The Aging of the Criminal Justice System

The Evolution of Criminal Justice Policies

Concluding Remarks

Just the Facts: Chapter Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Appendix: Constitution of the United States
Admissible or Inadmissible Evidence Answer Key
Beyond a Reasonable Doubt Answer Key
Glossary
Notes