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Test Bank (Downloadable files) For Mass Media and American Politics 10th Edition By A. Graber ISBN: 9781506340234, ISBN: 9781544341408

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Test Bank (Downloadable files) For Mass Media and American Politics 10th Edition By Doris A. Graber, Johanna Dunaway, ISBN: 9781506340234, ISBN: 9781544341408

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Test Bank (Downloadable files) For Mass Media and American Politics 10th Edition By A. Graber

Table Of Content

Tables, Figures, and Boxes
Acknowledgments
Preface
About the Authors
PART I: Media Purpose and Structure
1 Media Power and Government Control

Political Importance of Mass Media

Functions of Mass Media

Who Should Control News Making?

Models of News Making

Summary

2 Ownership, Regulation, and Guidance of Media

Control and Ownership: Public and Semipublic

Patterns of Private Ownership

The Costs and Benefits of Big Business Control

The Regulation/Deregulation Debate

Pressures by Media Associations and Advertisers

Citizen Lobby Control

Summary

3 Press Freedom and the Law

Censorship in the Twenty-First Century

The Public and Freedom of the Press

Policy Limits on the Press

Access to the Media

Public Access to Information

Transparency, Secrecy, and National Security

Individual Rights versus the Public’s Right to Know

Summary

4 Media and Politics in the Changing Media Landscape

The Expansion of Choice

Media Polarization and Selective Exposure

Changing News Habits and Political Journalism

Political Campaigns and Campaigning

Digital Democracy?

Engagement, Citizenship, and Civic Life

Summary

PART II: Who and What Makes the News?
5 News-Making and News-Reporting Routines

Profile Sketch of U.S. Journalists

Gatekeeping

Effects of Gatekeeping

Reporting Extraordinary Events

Covering Pseudo-Crises

Summary

6 The Media as Policy Makers

The Ethics of Melding Political Activism with Journalism

Manipulative Journalism in Perspective

Muckraking Models

Fact-Checking

Journalists as Political Actors

Agenda Building

Documentaries and Docudramas

Methods: Fair and Foul

Summary

7 The Struggle for Control: News from the Presidency

The Adversarial Relationship

The Media and the Executive Branch

Summary

8 Media Coverage of Congress and the Courts

The Media and Congress

Writing Stories about Congress

The Media and the Courts

News about Crime and the Justice System

Summary

9 State and Local News

Covering State and Local Affairs

The Content of Subnational News

Decline of Mainstream State Venues and the New Venues

Summary

10 Foreign Affairs Coverage

The Foreign News Niche

Making Foreign News

Wars in the Modern Age

Summary

PART III: Media Effects
11 Media Influence on Attitudes and Behavior

Differential Effects of News

The Role of Media in Political Socialization

Patterns in Socialization

Choosing Media Stories

How People Learn

Learning Effects: Knowledge and Attitudes

Learning Effects: Behavior

Summary

12 Elections in the Digital Era

The Consequences of Media-Dominated Politics

Media Content

What People Learn from Campaign Coverage

Summary

13 Incivility, Negativity, and Bias in the Media

Bias in the News

Affective Biases

Information Biases

Ideological and Partisan Biases

Causes of Bias

Effects of Bias

Summary

PART IV: Current Trends and Future Directions
14 Current Trends and Future Directions

Appraising News Making

The Impact of Digital Technologies

Regulation as a Barrier to Development

The Shape of the Future

Summary

Index